WRITING ESSAY GUIDELINE AND PRACTICE

Guideline là một trong những writing essay phổ biến trong các đề thi Ielts cho những năm gần đây. Do đó, Praim cung cấp cho những học viên đang theo học Ielts những kiến thức cơ bản về bố cục, cấu trúc và từ vựng cho chủ đề này. Tham khảo nhé!!!

1. Marking criteria:

  • Task achievement/response
  • Coherence and cohesion
  • Idea Evidence
  • Lexical resources:
  • Grammatical range and accuracy

2. Time: 40 MINUTES, 10 minutes for reading questions and making outline and 5 minutes for introduction, 25 minutes for body and conclusion

3. Word length: 250 WORDS

4. Analysing:

  • What is question type?
  • Situation: 2 questions, problem and solution
  • Discuss advantage and disadvantage
  • Discuss two views and give opinion
  • Opinion: Agree and disagree? positive or negative?
  • What is topic about? Technology, Energy, Education, Health, Youth Crime, Traditional Culture The Environment, Government Spending, Health

5. Outline:

  • Introduction:  introducing topic ->paraphrase question-> tell what will you write about (this essay will) and give 1 main answer (agree/disagree?, advantages/disadvantages?
  • Paragraph 1: list answers or explain why
  • Paragraph 2: list the answers, explain why
  • Conclusion: Summarize key points using different words

6. Note:

  • Using passive voice rather than active (when Subject is people, we, you, they)
  • Using adverb before verb, adj before noun to make your idea stronger
  • Using N (gerund) rather than verb
  • Use complex sentence (Relative clause, N-clause) and compound sentence (although, so, and, but, not..nor, in spite of + N/V-ing, despite+ N/V-ing…).

In spite of, despite + a noun/a pronoun + (not) V-ing

Despite the fact that/in spite of the fact that + S + V (clause)

  • Using comparative
  • Adding ‘can, could possibly, may, is likely to..’ to have a more academic writing by

S + V = S + would certainly V, may/could/might possibly + Verb

S + be = S is likely/unlikely to

Avoid repetition, by: use pronouns to replace noun, Using Synonyms, Change of word form: Noun ⇔ verb, change order. Tips

All/every =

  • the majority, a large number of, a minority of + Noun
  • Many, a few + countable noun
  • Much, a little + uncountable noun

Think about pronouns

Former/latter/respectively/such

There and then

Synonyms

Change of word form

Using formal linking words in IELTS writing:

Sequencing the first idea   Adding supporting ideas  Adding a contrasting idea  Making general statements 
The main reason is 

The most important consideration is… 

First of all,  

In the first place,  

Another reason is… 

Furthermore,  

Moreover, 

In the same vein, 

On the other hand, 

However,  

Nevertheless,  

Although,  

As a general rule,  

Generally,  

In most cases,

 

Giving examples  Giving an explanation  Clarifying an opinion  Drawing a conclusion 
Such as

For instance,  

In particular,  

A clear example of this is… 

Take X as an example

…and X is the case in point

The reason for this is… 

This is because… 

This is due to… 

To be more precise… 

More specifically… 

By this I mean… 

In other words, 

As a consequence, 

Therefore, 

As a result, 

Stating your opinion 

Partially correct statements 

Other people’s opinions 

Making a concession 

From my perspective, 

From my point of view, 

In my opinion  

somewhat agree/disagree 

to a certain degree,  

to some extent,  

From a political point of view,  

From the point of view of the economy, 

Some people believe… 

It is sometimes argued that… 

Admittedly, 

However, 

To give advantages  To give disadvantages  To express cause   to express effect 
A major advantage of this is… 

 Another important merit is… 

 The final benefit is… 

One major drawback is…  

Another disadvantage is… 

The final limitation is that… 

Owing to… 

Due to the fact that…  

For the reason that… 

Therefore, 

As a consequence, 

As a result… 

Practice

Introduction

Body

Main ideas

Explain: Using linking words: To other words, it means that, that means, which means, to be more specific

Giving example:

  • At the beginning of sentence: Take X, for example, which…for instance, take X as an example, for example, An evidence example of this is, a convincing example would be to
  • In the middle of sentence to introduce a list: such as
  • At the end of sentence: and X is the case in point
  • Create a whole sentence on its own: Take X is an example.

Practice: writing body for this essay (Real IELTS writing test 11/04/2015 in Vietnam)

Nowadays more and more older people compete with younger people for the same jobs. What can be the reasons for this? What would you suggest as a solution? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Body 1: reasons: due to economic and technology

– economic recession in the world: Higher unemployment proportion/unemployment rate is rising, older people may find it more difficult to secure work=> more willing to maintain the job

– the advanced technology, young generation more knowledgeable with higher qualifications, have up-to-date qualifications/recent knowledge, easily recruited, recent knowledge. E.g: internet

Conclusion:

Situation essay:

Opinion essay

Practice: writing conclusion

Space exploration is much too expensive and the money should be spent on more important things.

What is your opinion?

Conclusion: Although other issue: extremely need, exploring space: necessary to promote further technological advances, provide possible means of escape=> partly agree

Practice writing whole essay:

TOPIC task 2 ngày 12/03/2016 :

Some people think that it is good for a country’s culture to import foreign movies and TV programmes. Others think that it is better to produce these locally.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Vocabulary

the development of technology/ Globalization changes import foreign movies and TV programmes, air = broadcast, censor=remove something bad

Introduction:

  • people’s view on how to enjoy the entertainment.
  • locally = domestically

Body 1: could be clearly beneficial

  • Watchers: get a chance to experience other cultures such as European culture by X-factor gameshow -> broaden their mind -> create a diversity of culture and customs
  • Up-to-date information happening over the world give more up-to-date information about important events. Ex: BBC give latest news of …war

Body 2: rather justify

  • Foreigners may design many movies: contain unsuitable scenes, local culture – influences their local customs- difficult to preserve the traditions and customs. Ex: Vietnamese teenagers, imitate Korean singers figure, especially performance and lifestyle, wear out the eastern culture
  • phenomenal movies could take over the market share-> low income for local filmmaking. Ex: recent research, a loss of…%, customer pay more attention on watching Korean channel

Conclude:

Viewers: supplied a number of international films as a legal rights

Government must censor foreigner films before airing